Edward George Earle Lytton Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Baron Lytton PC (25 May 1803 – 18 January 1873), was an English novelist, poet, playwright, and politician. He was immensely popular with the reading public and wrote a stream of bestselling novels which earned him a considerable fortune. He coined the phrases “the great unwashed“, “pursuit of the almighty dollar“, “the pen is mightier than the sword“, as well as the infamous opening line “It was a dark and stormy night“.
1849 printing of Pelham with Hablot K. Browne (Phiz) frontispiece: Pelham’s electioneering visit to the Revd. Combermere St Quintin, who is surprised at dinner with his family.
The Lord Lytton
Hablot Knight Browne (12 July 1815 – 8 July 1882) was an English artist, famous as Phiz, illustrator of books by Charles Dickens, Charles Lever and Harrison Ainsworth.
ancestry, Hablot Knight Browne was born in England, in Lambeth
(near London) on Kennington Lane. He was the fourteenth of Catherine and William Loder Browne’s fifteen children. According to Valerie Browne Lester, Phiz was in fact the illegitimate son of his putative eldest sister Kate and Captain Nicholas Hablot of Napoleon
‘s Imperial Guard
. There is some uncertainty regarding the exact date of birth. 12 July 1815 is the date given by Valerie Browne Lester, his great-great-granddaughter, and John Buchanan-Brown in his book Phiz!: illustrator of Dickens’ world
. Other possible dates are 11 June 1815 (Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition
) and 15 June 1815 (Dictionary of National Biography
When he was 7 years old, his father William Browne abandoned his family, changed his name to Breton and sailed with embezzled funds to Philadelphia
where he became known for his watercolour paintings. William Browne was then declared dead by his wife Catherine.
Thomas Moxon, husband of William’s sister Ann Loder Browne, helped to support the family, who were left badly off.
Browne was apprenticed to William Finden
, an engraver
, in whose studio he obtained his only artistic education. However, he was unsuited for engraving, and having during 1833 secured an important prize from the Society of Arts for a drawing of John Gilpin
, he abandoned engraving in the following year and began other artistic work, with the ultimate object of becoming a painter.
La Raza Futura. PDF