Signifying Rappers: Rap and Race in the Urban Present is a nonfiction book by David Foster Wallace and Mark Costello. The book explores this music’s history as it intersects with historical events, either locally and unique to Boston, or in larger cultural or historical contexts.
The title is based on the track “Signifying Rapper” on the album Smoke Some Kill by Schoolly D. The teasing, taunting, and insulting tradition within African American culture is referred to as “signifyin'”, though the word’s other meanings are perhaps reflected in Wallace’s title. Henry Louis Gates Jr. has written extensively on the Signifyin (or Signifying) Monkey, its origins and meaning, and how the monkey’s attitude and effort to overcome evolved into the “Your motha is so fat” back-and-forth that was part of hip hop’s original culture.The slang of rap, like all slang, may include words that signify others, such as “cut” (turntable technique), “bite” (stealing someone else’s rhymes), “dope” (great), “dawg” (male friend) and such neologisms as “edutainment” (KRS-One) or “raptivist” (Chuck D of Public Enemy), but it is not an important use of the idea of signifying in rap or hip hop. Signifying in critical theory usage is also meaningful, as signifier in critical theory, Ferdinand de Saussure.
- Signifying Rappers at The Howling Fantods
- My Metonym for Self-Reference Weighs a Ton: When the “resoundingly and in all ways white” David Foster Wallace tried to write about hip-hop., by Mark O’Connell, Slate, Aug. 9, 2013
Mark Costello, a native of Decatur, Illinois, is the author of the story collections The Murphy Stories (University of Illinois Press, 1973), which won the St. Lawrence Award for Short Fiction, and Middle Murphy (University of Illinois Press, 1991). The Murphy Stories has received praise and one of its stories, Murphy’s Xmas was anthologized in several collections.
Costello taught for many years at the University of Illinois-Urbana as a creative writing instructor, and served as a visiting writer at many universities and colleges. He held the Endowed Chair in Creative Writing at the University of Alabama at Tuscaloosa and was writer-in-residence at the University of Iowa Writers Workshop for one year.
His story Room 601 has received praise. Costello is known for his careful, exacting use of language, and the introspective nature of his characters. The stories are set in central Illinois and feature a hard-drinking, hard-living character, Michael Murphy.
Costello’s work has appeared in literary magazines and anthologies, including The Norton Anthology of Short Fiction, The Norton Anthology of Contemporary Fiction, and Best American Short Stories. Other works include Signifying Rappers: Rap and Race in the Urban Present (1990), coauthored with David Foster Wallace.
Cobain Factor: Why David Foster Wallace Killed Himself
Kurt Donald Cobain (February 20, 1967 – c. April 5, 1994) was an American musician and artist, best known as the lead singer, guitarist and primary songwriter of the grunge band Nirvana. Cobain formed Nirvana with Krist Novoselic in Aberdeen, Washington, in 1985 and established it as part of the Seattle music scene, having its debut album Bleach released on the independent record label Sub Pop in 1989.
After signing with major label DGC Records, the band found breakthrough success with “Smells Like Teen Spirit” from its second album Nevermind (1991). Following the success of Nevermind, Nirvana was labeled “the flagship band” of Generation X, and Cobain hailed as “the spokesman of a generation”. Cobain, however, was often uncomfortable and frustrated, believing his message and artistic vision to have been misinterpreted by the public, with his personal issues often subject to media attention. He challenged Nirvana’s audience with its final studio album In Utero (1993). It did not match the sales figures of Nevermind but was still a critical and commercial success.
During the last years of his life, Cobain struggled with heroin addiction, illness and depression. He also had difficulty coping with his fame and public image, and the professional and lifelong personal pressures surrounding himself and his wife, musician Courtney Love. On April 8, 1994, Cobain was found dead at his home in Seattle, the victim of what was officially ruled a suicide by a self-inflicted shotgun wound to the head. The circumstances of his death at age 27 have become a topic of public fascination and debate. Since their debut, Nirvana, with Cobain as a songwriter, has sold over 25 million albums in the US, and over 75 million worldwide.
TMR_ Signifying Rappers.pdf
http://samizdat.cc/shelf/documents/2005/03.07-dfwinterview/dfwinterview.pdf (David Foster Wallace)
Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. (November 29, 1908 – April 4, 1972) was an American politician and pastor who represented Harlem, New York City, in the United States House of Representatives (1945–71). He was the first person from New York of African American descent to be elected to Congress, and he became a powerful national politician.
In 1961, after sixteen years in the House, Powell became chairman of the Education and Labor Committee, the most powerful position held by an African American in Congress. As Chairman, he supported the passage of important social legislation under presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson. Following allegations of corruption, in 1967 Powell was excluded from his seat by Democratic Representatives-elect of the 90th Congress, but he was re-elected and regained the seat in a 1969 United States Supreme Court ruling in Powell v. McCormack.
Adam Clayton Powell (film)
Westward Expansion Rap
The Present #hiphopnosis #ZombieFarm
23 – Mike Will ft Miley Cyrus, Wiz, Juici J (Traducida al español HD) mas el video original